Vehicle Number Plate Regulations You Must Know

When you buy a new vehicle, you know its brand and model are an essential part of its identity. However, that’s not all. Your vehicle needs a more distinct identity. That is why every car or two-wheeler needs a vehicle number plate.

Just like getting your vehicle registered is a legal requirement as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, getting a number plate is also required as per law. If a car is found without a number plate, the owner of the same will then be fined or issued a challan.

The number plate with the combination of letters and numbers denotes particular details about the vehicle’s registration.  So, it is imperative that you know the regulations associated with the number plate well in advance, so that you don’t face any issues.  

Vehicle Number Plate Regulations You Must Know 1
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What Do the Elements on a Number Plate Denote?

Part 01: The first two letters on the plate denote the code of the state or union territory in which you get your vehicle registered.

Part 02: The next two digits represent the district in which the vehicle is registered. Every district has an RTO designated to it which looks into issuing driving licenses, vehicle registration, etc.

Part 03: The digits refer to the unique registration number as allotted by the authority. The numbers are assigned within the range 0001 to 9999. If numbers in the range aren’t available, then the last digit may be replaced with an alphabet. You can even buy fancy or custom registration numbers by paying a premium amount.

Part 04: The last element is the ‘IND’ oval logo that is an acronym for India. High security registered plates (HSRP) also have a chromium chakra logo on the plate.

How to Get the Registration Done?

When you buy the vehicle, the vehicle dealer will issue you a TR label, which stands for ‘To Register.’ This label comes with a temporary registration number, which is only valid for a month. During this period, you are required to visit your local RTO to get the vehicle registered by submitting all the essential documents.

Once the authorities conduct vehicle inspection and document verification, the registered number is shared by the RTO.

Vehicle Registration Process

First, an application to the registering authority has to be made in CMV Form No. 20 to register a new non-commercial or private vehicle in India. The vehicle owner then needs to submit the certificate of sales, chassis number print, vehicle roadworthiness certificate, and other important documents along with their application.

You are then required to pay the registration fee and one-time road tax to complete the registration process. Here are the documents to be submitted:

  1. Application filled under CMV Form 20 (Additional photocopy required in case of vehicle hypothecation)
  2. Certificate of Pollution Under Control (PUC)
  3. Certificate of Vehicle Roadworthiness
  4. Form 22 issued by the vehicle dealer
  5. Certificate of sales as under Form 21
  6. Document of Vehicle Insurance 
  7. Address proof (one of the following):
  8. Aadhar Card
  9. PAN Card
  10. Ration Card
  11. Voter ID Card
  12. Affidavit by the vehicle owner attested by either a Notary, an executive, or Class I Judicial Magistrate.

8. Temporary Registration Certificate (For temporarily registered vehicles)

9. Passport sized photos (about 3 copies)

10. Lifetime tax to be paid for private/non-commercial vehicle

Registration in Case of Fancy Vehicle Number Plates

Many vehicle owners these days desire to have fancy number plates to make their vehicles stand out from the crowd. People don’t mind paying extra money when getting such a unique registration number. However, fancy numbers are kept aside by the state transport authority and are slotted through a separate bidding process.

Also, single numbers such as 1 or 7 cannot be availed by ordinary people as numbers under 100 are generally allotted to registered government vehicles. Moreover, the VIP/fancy numbers can cost anywhere around Rs.3 lakh and are allotted through auction.

Get Your Vehicle Insured

Along with complying with all the other legal requirements, don’t forget to get the right insurance cover for your vehicle. Nowadays, it is easy to buy vehicle insurance online, as most insurers provide their services online.

Comprehensive vehicle insurance will reimburse you for any loss or damage to the insured vehicle, any third-party liability that may arise and a personal accident cover for the owner-driver. You can even buy add-on benefits when you purchase vehicle insurance online to increase your coverage and enjoy comprehensive protection.

Reputable insurers like offer as many as 13 add on benefits, which means you’ll remain financially stable even when any unexpected challenge related to your vehicle occurs. So, when you buy your new car, meet these requirements at the earliest, buy vehicle insurance online to avoid legal hassles and stay secure against challenges.  

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